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21 Other operating expenses

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EUR million 2015 2014
Valuation allowances on and write-offs of receivables 5 6
Losses from disposals of non-current assets 1 1
Reversals of provisions -25 -24
Other operating taxes 7 6
Rental and operating lease expenses 60 57
Repairs and maintenance 40 34
Sales freight 11 11
Legal and consulting costs 22 18
IT services 18 20
Personnel leasing 13 12
Energy costs 46 45
Advertising costs and similar expenses 89 82
Travel and training costs 17 14
Miscellaneous operating, administrative and sales expenses 149 137
  453 419

The table below presents the minimum outgoing payments for operating leases in the coming years.

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  2015 2014
EUR million Up to
1 year
1 to
5 years
More than
5 years
Total Up to
1 year
1 to
5 years
More than
5 years
Total
Operating leases 48 92 57 197 46 97 57 200

The minimum outgoing payments are offset by minimum incoming lease payments from subletting arrangements amounting to EUR 1 million (previous year: EUR 0 million).

Miscellaneous operating, administrative and sales expenses comprise numerous operating expenses, including communication costs, insurance premiums, auditing expenses and restructuring costs. Research and development costs in the amount of EUR 1 million (previous year: EUR 0 million) are also recognised under miscellaneous operating, administrative and sales expenses.